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Sunday, January 20, 2013

Setting up a SAN

I have some FC hardware and I thought I try to setup a small SAN. Here is my hardware list:

Server (hq01): Slackware64
FC Adapter: QLogic 2300 (1 FC Port)
San Switch (ssw01): Compaq StorageWorks San Switch 8 (Brocade)
Storage (stor01): Sun StorEdge 6120 (14x33GB)

The server is connected with one FC cable to port 0 of the San Switch and the StorEdge 6120 ist also connected with one FC cable to port 1 of the San Switch. This article contains the following topics:

Setting up the FC adapter
Configure the Sun StorEdge 6120
Bringing all together: setting up the San Switch
Use the new Lun

I had some troubles to set it all up - especially with the QLogic adapter. The following chapters are straight forward. Hope you enjoy!

Setting up the FC adapter

Setting up the FC adapter gave me a slight headache. I have several adapaters accessable but I couldn't bring them up and running inside my Slackware machine. At least I bought a QLogic 2300 adapter and even this adapter was tricky to handle. I tried a lot like reloading the driver, setting up a initial ramdisk with the qla2xxx driver, checked firmware, tried another firmware etc. Nothing works. All I saw was the following log:

# dmesg
...
[   61.920135] qla2xxx [0000:02:09.0]-0063:0: Failed to load firmware image (ql2300_fw.bin).
[   61.924957] qla2xxx [0000:02:09.0]-0083:0: Fimware image unavailable.
...


The final hint was to use modprobe -r instead of rmmod for unloading the driver:

# modprobe -r qla2xxx
FATAL: Module qla2xxx is builtin.


If you try to unload the qla2xxx driver with rmmod then it won't give you this nice hint. So I deceided to recompile my the kernel. The fun part is that the qla2xxx driver is already confgured as module and the module resides in /lib/modules/3.2.29/:

# ls /lib/modules/3.2.29/kernel/drivers/scsi/qla2xxx/
qla2xxx.ko


Anyway, after one frustrating day I recompiled the kernel (without any configuration changes):

# cd /usr/src/linux
# make all && make modules_install


And copied to /boot:

# cp /usr/src/linux/arch/x86/boot/bzImage /boot/qla

Added the new kernel to lilo.conf:

# vi /etc/lilo.conf
...
image = /boot/qla
  root = /dev/sda2
  label = Linux-qla
  read-only
...


Installed lilo again:

# lilo
Added Linux-qla
...


And rebooted:

# shutdown -r now
...


And voila, the driver loaded without any errors:

# lspci -v -s `lspci | awk '/Fibre/ {print $1}'`
02:09.0 Fibre Channel: QLogic Corp. QLA2300 64-bit Fibre Channel Adapter (rev 01)
    Subsystem: QLogic Corp. Device 0106
    Flags: bus master, 66MHz, medium devsel, latency 128, IRQ 17
    I/O ports at 4000 [size=256]
    Memory at f0220000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=4K]
    [virtual] Expansion ROM at 40000000 [disabled] [size=128K]
    Capabilities: [44] Power Management version 2
    Capabilities: [4c] PCI-X non-bridge device
    Capabilities: [54] MSI: Enable- Count=1/8 Maskable- 64bit+
    Kernel driver in use: qla2xxx


The server is ready for some FC Luns now.

Configure the Sun StorEdge 6120

First get a little familar with storage and display the available disks etc:

stor01:/:<1>fru stat
...
DISK    STATUS   STATE       ROLE        PORT1      PORT2      TEMP  VOLUME
------  -------  ----------  ----------  ---------  ---------  ----  ------
u1d01   ready    enabled     unassigned  ready      ready      14    -
...
u1d14   ready    enabled     unassigned  ready      ready      16    -
...


Then create a Raid 1 volume with 6 disks and one spare disk:

stor01:/:<2>vol add v0 data u1d1-6 raid 1 standby u1d14

The above command will create a Raid 1 volume with the first six disks (d1-6) from the first enclosure (u1) and use disk 14 as spare disk. The volume is named v0. Next initialize and mount the new volume (initializing may take some time):

stor01:/:<3>vol init v0 data
WARNING - Volume data will be initialized to zero.
WARNING - Volume initialization can take a significant amount of time.
Continue ? [N]: Y
Volume initialization in progress...
stor01:/:<4>vol mount v0


Check that everything is ready:

stor01:/:<5>vol list
volume            capacity raid data       standby
v0              101.167 GB    1 u1d01-06     u1d14
stor01:/:<6>vol stat

v0: mounted
  u1d01: mounted
  u1d02: mounted
  u1d03: mounted
  u1d04: mounted
  u1d05: mounted
  u1d06: mounted
  Standby: u1d14: mounted


On the above created device you need to create a slice. This slice can be finally used by your host:

stor01:/:<8>volslice create s0 -z 10GB v0
1 out of Max. 64 slices created, 63 available.


I have choosen to create a simple 10GB slice (s0) on the 100GB volume (v0):

stor01:/:<9>volslice list
Slice         Slice Num     Start Blk     Size Blks     Capacity      Volume
s0            0             0             20984832        10.005 GB   v0         
-             -             20984832      191180544       91.161 GB   v0


Now your host needs access to the slice, the following example will give r/w access to the lun for my prior configured server hq01:

stor01:/:<10>lun perm lun 0 rw wwn 210000e08b1bb434
stor01:/:<11>lun perm list
lun     slice   WWN                     Group Name      Group Perm      WWN Perm        Effective Perm             
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
0       0       default                 --              --              none            none
0       0       210000e08b1bb434        --              --              rw              rw
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Where then WWN 21:00:00:e0:8b:1b:b4:34 is the WWN for the QLogic adapter that is build in my server hq01.

Bringing all together: setting up the San Switch

The first thing that needs to be done is to specify a configuration:

ssw01:admin> cfgCreate "karellen_cfg", "karellen_zone"

The configuartion is named karellen_cfg and I added the zone karellen_zone which will I create later. The next thing I did was to create a few aliases, one for my host hq01, one for the storage stor01 and two more for the first two ports of the san switch:

ssw01:admin> alicreate "hq01_p0", "21:00:00:e0:8b:1b:b4:34"
ssw01:admin> alicreate "stor01_p0", "20:03:00:03:ba:4e:83:64"
ssw01:admin> alicreate "ssw01_p0", "20:00:00:60:69:22:32:ea"
ssw01:admin> alicreate "ssw01_p1", "20:01:00:60:69:22:32:ea"


Then I created the zone karellen_zone with four members (the aliases I created above):

ssw01:admin> zoneCreate "karellen_zone", "hq01_p0; stor01_p0; ssw01_p0; ssw01_p1"

The final step is to activate the configuration:

ssw01:admin> cfgenable "karellen_cfg"
0x102a7510 (tRcs): Jan 19 17:46:43
    INFO ZONE-MSGSAVE, 4, cfgSave completes successfully.

cfgEnable successfully completed
ss01:admin> 0x10247a70 (tThad): Jan 19 17:46:43
    INFO FW-CHANGED, 4, fabricZC000 (Fabric Zoning change) value has changed. current value : 2 Zone Change(s). (info)


Everything is setup now, time to use the new Lun.

Use the new Lun:

First check that the new Lun is available in your Linux system:

# lsscsi
...
[8:0:0:0]    disk    SUN      T4               0301  /dev/sdc
...


Check the capacity:

# fdisk -l /dev/sdc

Disk /dev/sdc: 10.7 GB, 10744233984 bytes
64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 10246 cylinders, total 20984832 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


That's all!